Mark Rothko

Self-portrait, 1936 by Mark Rothko.

Born in 1903, Mark Rothko remains one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. His signature style of imposing, large-scale transcendental paintings had an irrevocable impact on Abstract Expressionism - marking the final maturation of his work after decades of experimentation and development.

Though he maintained strict creative control over the acquisition of his work during his lifetime, it is held in international collections and has been exhibited extensively since the early 1930s. His works have three times broken the record for any post-war painting sold at auction; in 1953, in 2007, and again in 2012. 

Amongst immeasurable accolades his legacy is commemorated in the Rothko Chapel, located in Houston, Texas, adjacent to the Menil Collection and the University of St. Thomas.